Ebola Virus Infographics collection
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While travelling: Alert the airline personnel when there is a fellow traveller who has Ebola symptoms: fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache and a sore throat. More noticeable: vomiting, diarrhoea and bleeding.
If YOU develop a fever and above symptoms also inform the airline personnel asap.
At airports and at your destination
Always avoid the direct physical contact with anyone who is displaying the symptoms of Ebola.
DO NOT touch the body of a person who (might have) died from Ebola.
Proper hand hygiene, alcohol rub throughout the day, soap and water.
Seek prompt medical attention if you have Ebola symptoms.
Ebola Virus Disease
Ebola is a severe and often fatal disease with no currently known treatment or vaccine.
In Afrika, particular species of fruit bats are considered natural hosts for the Ebola virus.
Infected bats are thought to transmit the disease to humans, or indirectly through other animals.
Routes of infection
Close contact with blood, secretions, other bodily fluids, meat or organs of infected or dead animals
Consumption of infected animal parts
The incubation period can be anywhere between 2 and 21 days. Death is often caused by multiple organ failure and tissue death.
The Ebola Virus affects Helatocytes (functional cells of the liver), endothelial cells (ao form the lining of blood vessels) and Phagocytes (cells that protect the body by ingesting (phagocytosing) harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells)
Symptoms include: fever, Sore throat, Severe headache, muscle pain, Intense weakness, vomiting, diarrhoea, Impaired liver and Kidney function and Internal and external bleeding.
Source: G. Cabrera via Hanif Azwar
Ebola hemorrhagic fever
Infection with the Ebola Virus. Named after the Ebola river in COngo where the desease was first regognized in 1976
How it spreads
Direct contact with blood, secretions or an infected person
Contact with infected objects such as needles
Contact with infected animal, possible also by eating contaminated food
Fever, headache, joint and muscle pain, sore throat, weakness
Followed by diarreoa and vomiting
Rash, internal and external bleeding
No standard treatment, no medicine. Sick individuals are isolated, given fluids, oxygen and treatment for secondairy infections
Source: 2004 CDC