Ebola Virus Infographics collection

(click on the images for a larger view)

Travelling to and from Ebola-Affected countriesebola- travelling-infographic

While travelling: Alert the airline personnel when there is a fellow traveller who has Ebola symptoms: fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache and a sore throat. More noticeable: vomiting, diarrhoea and bleeding.

If YOU develop a fever and above symptoms also inform the airline personnel asap.

At airports and at your destination

Always avoid the direct physical contact with anyone who is displaying the symptoms of Ebola.

DO NOT touch the body of a person who (might have) died from Ebola.

Proper hand hygiene, alcohol rub throughout the day, soap and water.

Seek prompt medical attention if you have Ebola symptoms.

Source: WHO

 

Ebola Virus Disease

 

Ebola transmission and source

Ebola is a severe and often fatal disease with no currently known treatment or vaccine.

Source

In Afrika, particular species of fruit bats are considered natural hosts for the Ebola virus.

Transmission

Infected bats are thought to transmit the disease to humans, or indirectly through other animals.

Routes of infection

Close contact with blood, secretions, other bodily fluids, meat or organs of infected or dead animals

Consumption of infected animal parts

Disease

The incubation period can be anywhere between 2 and 21 days. Death is often caused by multiple organ failure and tissue death.

The Ebola Virus affects Helatocytes (functional cells of the liver), endothelial cells (ao form the lining of blood vessels) and Phagocytes (cells that protect the body by ingesting (phagocytosing) harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells)

Symptoms include: fever, Sore throat, Severe headache, muscle pain, Intense weakness, vomiting, diarrhoea, Impaired liver and Kidney function and Internal and external bleeding.

Source: G. Cabrera via Hanif Azwar

Ebola hemorrhagic fever

Ebola is a severe, often fatal disease that can affect monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees.ebola hemorrhagic fever infograph

Origin

Infection with the Ebola Virus. Named after the Ebola river in COngo where the desease was first regognized in 1976

How it spreads

Direct contact with blood, secretions or an infected person

Contact with infected objects such as needles

Contact with infected animal, possible also by eating contaminated food

Symptoms

Fever, headache, joint and muscle pain, sore throat, weakness

Followed by diarreoa and vomiting

Rash, internal and external bleeding

Treatment

No standard treatment, no medicine. Sick individuals are isolated, given fluids, oxygen and treatment for secondairy infections

Source: 2004 CDC